Polycystic Kidney Disease: Causes, Symptoms, And Treatments

Polycystic kidney disease is a disorder that causes many fluid-filled sacs, called cysts, to form in the kidneys. This can lead to kidney failure.

What Causes Polycystic Kidney Disease?

The cause of PKD is a mutation in the genes that control the development of the kidneys. This mutation causes the kidneys to grow many small cysts. The cysts can interfere with the normal function of the kidneys, leading to kidney failure. People with a family history of PKD are more likely to develop the disease. However, not everyone with a family history of PKD will develop the disease.

The cysts can grow so large that they take up most of the kidney, preventing it from functioning properly. This can lead to kidney failure

1: Genetics
2: Race
3: Age
4: Sex
5: Ethnicity

What are the Symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease?

The main symptoms of PKD

• pain in the back or side
• high blood pressure
• problems with urination, such as difficulty starting to urinate, a weak stream, and a feeling of not emptying the bladder completely
• swelling in the hands, feet, or abdomen
• excessive protein in the urine
• feeling tired and weak

People with PKD may also have other health problems, such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.

Polycystic Kidney Disease
Polycystic Kidney Disease

How is Polycystic Kidney Disease Treated?

There is no cure for polycystic kidney disease, but treatment can help control the symptoms. If the kidneys fail, the person will need to receive dialysis or a kidney transplant to survive.
Treatment may include:

1: Taking medications to control blood pressure and blood sugar levels.
2: Restricting fluids and salt intake.
3: Receiving dialysis if the kidneys fail.
4: Receiving a kidney transplant if the kidneys fail.

What is the Prognosis for People with Polycystic Kidney Disease?

The prognosis for people with polycystic kidney disease (PKD) varies depending on the stage of the disease. In early stages, the prognosis may be good, but as the disease progresses, the prognosis becomes poorer.
Eventually, most people with PKD develop kidney failure and require dialysis or a kidney transplant.


PKD is a disease that can cause kidney failure and death. There is no cure, but there are treatments that can help people manage the disease.

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